What is Eczema?

Eczema, also known as dermatitis, is a common skin condition characterized by inflammation and irritation of the skin. It is typically marked by redness, itching, dryness, and the formation of small, fluid-filled bumps. Eczema can occur in various forms and locations on the body, and it often results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. While there is no known cure for eczema, it can be managed through proper skincare, lifestyle adjustments, and medical treatments to alleviate symptoms and reduce flare-ups.

The most common type of eczema is known as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema. Atopic refers to a group of diseases with an often inherited tendency to develop other allergic conditions, such as asthma and hay fever.

Eczema affects about 10% to 20% of infants and about 3% of adults and children in the U.S. Most infants who develop the condition outgrow it by their tenth birthday, while some people continue to have symptoms on and off throughout life. With proper treatment, the disease often can be controlled.